Meet the Giannini Craviola, the strikingly framed acoustic guitar beloved by Jimmy Page

Giannini CRA6S Craviola
A 1970 Giannini CRA6S Craviola (Image credit: Phaidon)

Best known as a composer and singer, Brazilian guitarist Paulinho Nogueira should also be celebrated as a brilliant designer, whose Craviola is one of the most distinctive and beautiful guitar designs ever made.

Its sound is distinctive, a cross between a harpsichord (in Portuguese, cravo) and the traditional 10-string Brazilian guitar, the viola caipira. Nogueira coined the name Craviola for his creation and collaborated with São Paulo instrument maker Giorgio Giannini to produce the guitar.

It was produced in three styles, including a 12-string. Although it has been played by notable players, including Jimmy Page, who played a 12-string Craviola, it has been largely ignored. This is a shame, given the distinctive and beautiful sound it creates.

The body shape echoes that of a lute – a large teardrop shape on the upper body, disrupted by the flowing, wavelike lower body. This disruption of the traditional acoustic guitar shape has its detractors, but it is hard to argue with the sound: bell-like, sweet, with a lovely sustain.

The D-shaped sound hole is reminiscent of Mario Maccaferri’s Selmer, the mustache bridge harkens back to 19th-century Italy, and the generous neck has all the feel of a classical guitar.

The guitar’s materials are traditional: Sitka spruce top with laminated rosewood sides and back, a mahogany neck, and a rosewood fingerboard. With a characteristic flourish, Nogueira gave the headstock a little comma shape, almost a wink.

Largely ignored by guitar aficionados, perhaps the time is now right for a reappraisal of this elegant and sweet-sounding acoustic guitar.


  • Type and body: Single-cutaway acoustic guitar. Sitka spruce top. Rosewood back and sides.
  • Neck and Fingerboard: Mahogany neck. Rosewood fingerboard.
  • This is an excerpt from Guitar: The Shape of Sound by Ultan Guilfoyle, a celebration of 300 years of guitar design history, showcasing a curated selection of guitars from 1700 to the present day. The book is available from February 23 via Phaidon.

Guitar: The Shape of Sound book cover

(Image credit: Phaidon)

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