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The 15 best electric guitars in 2021 for every playing style, ability and budget

The 15 best electric guitars in 2021 for every playing style, ability and budget
(Image credit: Fender/PRS/Charvel/Gibson)

Choosing the best electric guitar for you is pretty subjective, but that's exactly how it should be. To some players, finding one of the best electrics might mean seeking out the most high-end, most tricked-out model available. On the other hand it could simply mean a guitar that helps you learn, or is your trusty companion as you embark on your first rehearsals with a new band. So, the 'best' means different things to different people and picking the right guitar for them is a very personal choice.

For this round-up, we’re presenting what we consider to be the best electric guitars around today, covering a wide spectrum of genres, playing levels and prices, to help you choose the right axe for you. You’ll find options here from most of the main guitar manufacturers, so you can be sure they also come with sterling brand reputation and a proven seal of quality.

There are a number of things which any 'good' guitar, at any price point, will nail. They'll be well built, they'll sound great, and they'll be a joy to play. Without these three criteria they simply don't make the cut. Underneath that there are countless variables, many of which fall into the realms of subjectivity and genre specificity.

So, below you’ll find a fantastic workhorse guitar, a great electric guitar for metal, a top electric for beginners, plus a top-end gem – because it's nice to aspire to something, right?

Our handy price comparison widgets have also found the best prices at trusted retailers, to save you having to shop around and we’ve listed the guitars in price order so it’s easier to match the right guitar with your budget.

We’ve compiled some useful advice for this guide, too. Just click the ‘buying advice’ button above to head straight there. Or keep scrolling to get straight to our top choices.

Best electric guitars: Product guide

Best electric guitars: Squier Bullet Mustang

(Image credit: Squier)

1. Squier Bullet Mustang

The best electric guitar for kids

Price: $179/£115 | Body: Basswood | Neck: Maple | Fingerboard: Indian laurel | Frets: 22 medium jumbo frets | Pickups: Two humbuckers

Not just for kids
Different to the usual Strat/Les Paul duopoly
Not easily outgrown
Not much at this price!

When choosing an electric guitar for a child, there are a number of things to consider. The guitar itself has to be reasonably light to ensure smaller shoulders can cope. It needs to be easy enough to play for small hands, with an appropriately-sized neck. And it needs to look cool. Because, let's face it, at that age the look of the guitar arguably trumps its ability to traverse multiple tonal areas. 

There are a few dedicated mini versions of regular guitars, but we've gone for one which is full sized, fully equipped and affordable. The Squier Bullet Mustang features a slightly smaller scale length which, combined with the basswood body, make it easy to get to grips with. But, importantly, its double humbuckers ensure it can keep up with most grown-up guitars. And it is one of the most badass Squier guitars we've seen in a long while.

Read the full Squier Bullet Mustang review

Best electric guitars: Squier Classic Vibe '60s Stratocaster

(Image credit: Squier)

2. Squier Classic Vibe '60s Stratocaster

The best electric for beginners

Price: $399/£339 | Body: Alder | Neck: Maple | Fingerboard: Indian laurel | Frets: 21 medium jumbo frets | Pickups: Three Custom Alnico V pickups

Period-accurate styling
Performance exceeds price tag
Extremely well made
Single coils not for heavier tones

The entry-level guitar market is in a much healthier place than it was even 10 years ago. Now, manufacturers and brands are employing far higher levels of quality control than they did. This means even 'cheaper' guitars deliver tones, construction and playability previously reserved for mid and higher level models.

The Squier Classic Vibe '60s Stratocaster is the perfect example of this. Previously, an entry-level guitar would tend to last a couple of years, have string action like playing razor wire, and tones like a horde of bees in a tin can. Not so any more. 

This Classic Vibe looks, feels and sounds incredible, and even gives some of the cheaper Fender models a run for their money. Style and playability at a price that won't make your eyes water. Progress is a wonderful thing.

Best electric guitars: Gretsch G5222 Electromatic Double Jet

(Image credit: Gretsch)

3. Gretsch G5222 Electromatic Double Jet

A super-cool doublecut with off-the-charts vintage kudos

Price: $549/£495 | Body: Chambered mahogany with maple top | Neck: Mahogany, set | Fingerboard: Laurel | Frets: 22 nickel medium jumbo | Pickups: 2x Black Top Broad'Tron Humbuckers

Pickups are on the hotter side of the Gretsch spectrum
Cool finish options
Lots of sustain, heaps of resonance
V-stoptail offers fuss-free performance
Some Gretsch fans prefer more vintage Filter’Tron pickups

The Double Jet is one of the best all-purpose rock ’n’ roll electric guitars that Gretsch makes. You could play blues, rock, indie, rock ’n’ roll, jazz or country on it and we’d guarantee you a big fun time. 

This Electromatic edition presents ridiculous value and comes in a variety of quite exquisite finishes. Choose Natural for that Malcolm Young vibe, Walnut Stain because it’s the classiest, or either of the metallic primer-style finishes because you’re a badass.

With two Black Top Broad’Trons, the Double Jet is quick to show its teeth, and there’s a treble bleed circuit to wring as much tone as you can out of them. The thin U-profile neck is super quick, with the comfortable 24.6” scale and12” fretboard radius offering a real contemporary feel, and that chambered mahogany makes it easy on the back. So cool.

Read the full Gretsch G5222 Electromatic Double Jet review

Best electric guitars: Epiphone Les Paul Standard

(Image credit: Epiphone)

4. Epiphone Les Paul Standard

Unbelievable value from Epiphone

Price: $599/£499 | Body: Mahogany with maple top | Neck: Mahogany | Fingerboard: Rosewood | Frets: 22 medium frets | Pickups: Two alnico classic humbuckers

Gibson homage at a fraction of the cost
Ideal marriage of price and performance
Perfect step up for learners
Humbuckers aren’t the most versatile

When we're talking value, one guitar instantly springs to mind. The Epiphone Les Paul Standard has been the go-to guitar for thousands of players over the years, and for good reason. Put simply, this guitar ticks a lot of boxes. It's exceptionally well-made, it sounds great and, importantly, it won't break the bank.

For many players, this guitar hits the perfect sweet spot between quality, price and performance. It's why you see so many people graduate to it as their first 'serious' axe, and why you see so many on the weekend warrior circuit. If a bona fide Gibson is out of reach financially, you can't go far wrong with one of these.

Best electric guitars: PRS SE Custom 24

(Image credit: PRS)

5. PRS SE Custom 24

PRS’s flagship luxury at a blue-collar price

Price: $799/£775 (inc case) | Body: Mahogany with bevelled maple and flame maple veneer | Neck: Mahogany, Wide Thin profile, set | Fingerboard: Bound rosewood with pearloid bird inlays | Frets: 24 | Pickups: 2x PRS 85/15 ‘S’ humbuckers

Another flawless build
The Korean version of Paul’s “perfect pickup” holds up
It’ll handle anything tonally
Big sustain and big stability on the vibrato
Choosing a finish is hard

To many, the Custom 24 presents the pinnacle of PRS design, and the thing about great guitar design is that it translates well at different price points. The SE Custom 24 is stunning in anyone’s book.

The Wide Thin neck profile strikes a neat balance between comfort and speed. The flame maple veneer strikes a neat balance between opulence and ostentatious. Everything about this guitar’s design seems to exist in perfect equilibrium.

Other options in the SE Custom 24 line include the eye-popping Burled Ash and big-ticket 35th Anniversary models. Whichever you choose, you’ll be rewarded with a super-stable vibrato, bridge pickup that can handle everything from southern rock snarl to metal chunk, with neck humbucker tones that are inherently suited to blues, rock and showing off your comping skills. The coil-taps open up a whole range of possibilities – country, funk, you name it. The Custom 24 does it all.

Best electric guitars: PRS SE Hollowbody Standard

(Image credit: PRS)

6. PRS SE Hollowbody Standard

One classy and refined fully hollow electric

Price: $999/£999 (inc case) | Body: Double-bound mahogany laminate | Neck: Mahogany, Wide Fat profile, set | Fingerboard: bound ebony with pearloid bird inlays | Frets: 22 medium | Pickups: PRS 58/15 ‘S’ Treble and Bass humbuckers

Flawless build
Some sweet tones for jazz and blues
The neck feels just right
It's tastefully muted finish is very easy on the eye
No left-handed models

The SE Hollowbody Standard feels like a proper semi-acoustic, with a larger body than its US-built counterpart, and there is something about these dimensions that elicit a Pavlovian ii-V-I response when you pick it up.

Not that this is just a jazz box. Far from it. The PRS 58/15 humbuckers are well-suited to jazz when you roll some of the treble back, but through a cranked tube amp you’ll get an ES-vibe and a tone that is relevant for a wide manner of styles.

Built in China by Cor-Tek, the SE Hollowbody Standard is typically immaculate, and it’s a real credit to the SE line that it manages to present that sense of PRS luxury for the price. 

No question, this is a serious instrument, its Wide Fat neck profile bang-on as far as the name on the headstock goes, and it wears that understated plain top well.

Read the full PRS SE Hollowbody Standard review

Best electric guitars: Ibanez Genesis Collection RG550

(Image credit: Ibanez)

7. Ibanez Genesis Collection RG550

The best electric guitar for metal

Price: $999/£949 | Body: Basswood | Neck: Maple/Walnut | Fingerboard: Maple | Frets: 24 jumbo frets | Pickups: Two humbuckers and one single coil, edge locking tremolo

A legend in its own lunchtime
Wider tonal palette than you'd imagine
Oozes class
Locking nuts not ideal for regular tuning changes

Within guitar styles, there are certain sub-genres. Arguably the biggest niche is guitars made for heavy styles of music. This manifests itself in the body styling, ergonomics and hardware, with certain brands – like ESP and Schecter – dominating this world. But it's arguably the biggest name in metal guitars we've opted for here, and in one of their most iconic models. 

Step forward the Ibanez RG550. Reissued last year, and based on an absolute legend of the genre, the RG550 is engineered specifically with metal in mind. The wafer-thin neck, locking trem, locking nut and high-output humbuckers give this guitar everything it needs to shred.

Best electric guitars: Fender Vintera '60s Telecaster Modified

(Image credit: Fender)

8. Fender Vintera '60s Telecaster Modified

The best electric guitar to inject more vibe into your playing

Price: $1,049/£829 | Body: Alder | Neck: Maple | Fingerboard: Pau Ferro | Frets: 21 medium jumbo frets | Pickups: 2x Hot ‘60s Tele single-coil pickups

Classic styling
More tonally interesting than a regular Tele
Neck is a dream to play
Won't satisfy all styles

Vibe is a somewhat nebulous concept. Essentially, it's a guitar which evokes a certain mood or level of cool. While any number of axes could fit the bill, we've gone for the excellentFender Vintera '60s Telecaster Modified. 

The Vintera combines a simple Tele layout with some clever tweaks under the hood and oodles of aforementioned vibe.

Underneath the standard alder body, you get access to some pretty unique pickup options. A special four-way switch offers both single coil pickups in series, while the S-1 switch on the volume knob inverts the phase giving you plenty of usable tones to choose from.

Best electric guitars: Charvel Pro-Mod DK22 SSS 2PT CM

(Image credit: Charvel)

9. Charvel Pro-Mod DK22 SSS 2PT CM

Make it shred guitar, but grown-up and subtle

Price: $1,099/£899 | Body: Alder | Neck: 2-piece caramelised maple, bolt-on | Fingerboard: caramelised maple with rolled edges | Frets: 22, jumbo nickel | Pickups: Seymour Duncan SHR-1B Custom Hot Rails humbucker (bridge), SSL-6 Flat Strat single coil (middle), SSL-6 RWRP Flat Strap single coil (neck)

Very, very versatile
Stable vibrato, locking tuners
It’s a go-faster Strat with a touch of class
No left-handed models
No gigbag/case included

The original Superstrat returns and it has never looked better. This is one where we are best ignoring the name on the headstock and getting our heads around a guitar that offers lightning quick playability, heavy-duty humbucker tones, the snap and twang of a Strat, and a boutique feel, all for around a grand.

Everything about this is geared towards the player. Firstly to performance, with Luminlay side-markers helpful in onstage conditions, rolled fretboard edges and a 12"-16" compound fingerboard radius helpful to anyone who wants to give their chops a workout.

Tone-wise, this is what you make it. The stacked bridge ‘bucker is a modern classic that’ll eat up high-gain and squeal when needed, but is also rich in detail. The Strat pickups in the middle and neck positions allow you to sell the illusion that it really does say Fender on that Stratocaster headstock.

Read the full Charvel Pro-Mod DK22 SSS 2PT CM review

Best electric guitars: Fender American Performer Stratocaster HSS

(Image credit: Fender)

10. Fender American Performer Stratocaster HSS

Play a range of styles on this versatile electric guitar

Price: $1,149/£1,093 | Body: Alder | Neck: Maple | frets: 22 jumbo frets | Pickups: two Yosemite single coils with DoubleTap humbucker with coil split and coil tap

Musically versatile
Ideal studio guitar
Impressive range of sounds
Large headstock not to everyone's taste

For many players, there comes a time when they want to branch out. To try new styles of playing, sounds or genres. And, while it would be nice to have specific guitars for each of these styles, sometimes that isn't possible. So we look for a jack of all trades. The Fender American Performer Stratocaster is one such guitar.

Offering the dual benefits of classic single coil Fender attack, with the extra heft of a bridge humbucker, we get a guitar that can handle most styles of music with ease. Add to that the ability to split the humbucker into two single coils, and you have all the versatility you could ever need. And, being a high-end Fender, you know the sounds on offer are all top notch.

Best electric guitars: Gibson Les Paul Studio

(Image credit: Gibson)

11. Gibson Les Paul Studio

One of the best workhorse electric guitars around

Price: $1,499/£1,199 | Body: Mahogany | Neck: Mahogany | Fingerboard: Rosewood | Frets: 22 medium jumbo frets | Pickups: dual Gibson 490/498 humbuckers with coil taps

A lot of guitar for the money
Tonally versatile
Built to last
Slim neck not to everyone's tastes

When you talk about workhorse guitars, you're looking for something which is equally at home in the studio, on the road or stored under the sofa to be brought out during the commercial breaks. 

Pound for pound, you can't go far wrong with the Gibson Les Paul Studio. As well as being built to survive a nuclear war, the Studio line combines the tones, playability and durability of a solid, high-end guitar with the price tag that keeps it in range of the masses. 

In order to achieve this balance, Gibson removes some of the aesthetic touches you'd find on a Standard model, like binding around the body, but the rest of it is largely as you'd find on guitars higher up the price bracket. 

Best electric guitars: Fender American Ultra Telecaster

(Image credit: Fender)

12. Fender American Ultra Telecaster

The Big-F’s new flagship US Tele is a state-of-the-art workhorse

Price: $1,899/£1,699 | Body: Alder or ash | Neck: Maple, “Modern D” profile, bolt-on | Scale: 25.5" | Fingerboard: Rosewood or maple, 10”-14” compound radius | Frets: 22 | Pickups: Ultra Noiseless Vintage Tele Single-coil (bridge), Ultra Noiseless Vintage Tele Single-coil (neck) | Controls: master volume with S-1 Switch, master tone, 3-way selector | Hardware: Six-saddle bridge with chromed brass saddles, Fender Deluxe die-cast locking tuners | Left-handed: No | Finish: Arctic Pearl, Cobra Blue, Mocha Burst, Texas Tea, Ultraburst (+$100 for Plasma Red Burst, Butterscotch Blonde finishes)

Great modern build, player-friendly weight
Hum-cancelling pickups are the real deal
Locking tuners
Hard case included
No lefties

Launched in November 2019, Fender’s American Ultra Series visited sweeping changes across its Californian-built premium production line: noiseless pickups as standard, “Modern D” neck profiles, sculpted neck heels. Fingerboards now had a compound 10”-14” fingerboard radius, rolled edges and medium-jumbo frets for a contemporary feel.

These were player-orientated features – not to mention the gold foil Fender logo and some of the nicest finishes we had seen in years. All fancy appointments, and the Telecaster wears them well. 

Tone-wise, the bridge pickup is classic Telecaster, weapons-grade treble, bright, articulate, and takes on a really musical Nashville crunch with more gain. The neck rounds out the attack, while you might well find the bouncy sweet spot with both pickups in parallel. The S-1 Switch offers a little on-tap thickness and a little more volume, and underscores the Tele’s reputation as the ultimate workhorse – versatile, punchy, impossible to put down.

Read the full Fender American Ultra Telecaster review

Best electric guitars: Ibanez Prestige AZ2204-ICM

(Image credit: Ibanez)

13. Ibanez Prestige AZ2204-ICM

The super-charged S-style for everybody

Price: $1,999/£1,699 | Body: Alder | Neck: S-Tech roasted maple, bolt-on | Fingerboard: roasted maple | Frets: 22, stainless steel jumbo | Pickups: Duncan Hyperion Humbucker (bridge), 2x Duncan Hyperion single-coil (middle, neck)

That Ibanez Prestige build quality… Woof!
Nine possible pickup configurations
Very stable neck, and totally shreddable
Cool retro-futuristic looks
No rosewood or ebony fretboard options

There’s a sense that the souped-up S-style is just for the shredders, or it’s just for the progressive metalheads, but that’s not strictly true. Manufacturers such as Suhr have proven that there is a niche for super-playable but grown-up instruments that expand upon the Strat’s template. Ibanez’s AZ2204 is built with this spirit in mind, and is quite possibly the most playable electric you’ll get your hands on.

The HSS configuration offers a cornucopia of tone possibilities, with Seymour Duncan Hyperion pickups a smart choice – heaps of gain, plenty of clarity – in a control circuit that features dyna-MIX9 switching tech and offers nine different combinations. 

Other cool touches include luminescent dot side-markers, a Gotoh T1802 vibrato, an oval C profile neck with a bit more meat on it than its Wizard siblings, and Gotoh locking tuners. Well spec’d, beautifully finished, it’s a true player’s guitar.

Best electric guitars: Gibson ES-335 Satin

(Image credit: Gibson)

14. Gibson ES-335 Satin

The best electric guitar for jazz

Price: $2,599/£2,299 | Body: Maple/poplar/maple | Neck: Mahogany | Fingerboard: Rosewood | Frets: 22 medium jumbo frets | Pickups: two Memphis Historic Spec humbuckers

Tones are second to none
Exceptional craftsmanship
Looks, sounds and feels 'proper'
It’s a large guitar!

And now for something completely different. When you think about jazz guitars, you think large bodies, semi-hollow construction and warm humbuckers. Combine these things together and you get an instrument capable of producing those silky smooth, rounded tones which form the cornerstone of jazz guitar.

The Gibson ES-335 is a heavyweight in this field. It marries up a range of exceptional tones, with the highest levels of build quality and silky-smooth playability. Gibson has been producing variants of the ES-335 for over 70 years, and that heritage is evident in every note, trill and legato. 

It's not cheap, but that tells its own story. Jazz guitars don't get much better than this.

Best electric guitars: Ernie Ball Music Man Sabre

(Image credit: Ernie Ball)

15. Ernie Ball Music Man Sabre

A weaponized S-style of the highest caliber

Price: $3,299/£3,899 | Body: Okoume with bookmatched flame maple top | Neck: Roasted figured maple, bolt-on | Fingerboard: Roasted maple with dot inlays and hand-rubbed oil and wax finish | Frets: 22, high-profile medium stainless steel | Pickups: 2x Music Man Custom Wound humbuckers

It’s a unique take on the S-Style
Sumptuous range of tones
It will make you sound like a better player
It’s pricey

The original Sabre design dates back to 1978 and came from the drawing board of Leo Fender and George Fullerton, but this is much evolved, and has gone through a super-premium makeover.

There is no skimping on materials. The Sabre’s okoume body is topped with a 13mm thick piece of bookmatched flame maple. The thick top’s exposed edges serve as de facto binding. It looks the ticket. 

The custom-wound humbuckers are controlled with a five-way blade selector, meaning that between the heat and punch of the bridge ‘bucker and the warm clarity of the neck, there’s plenty of mileage to be had with in-between tones. This is a guitar that invites you to express yourself. Locking Schaller tuners and a very stable vibrato keep things in order should you get carried away. Oh, you will.

Read the full Ernie Ball Music Man Sabre review

Best electric guitars: Buying advice

Close-up of an electric guitar sat on a hard guitar case

(Image credit: Future / Neil Godwin)

Buying a guitar is a personal and subjective thing - what might be the best electric guitar for you might not be right for someone else. However, there are quite a few things to take into consideration when buying one that can make choosing a little easier. 

Since their inception in 1931 with the Rickenbacker ‘Frying Pan’ lapsteel, electric guitars have come a long way, though early models are still popular today. The Fender Esquire was introduced in 1950 and evolved into the Telecaster which is still played by beginners and pros alike. After that, the Gibson Les Paul was released in 1952, and the Fender Strat in 1954. Whilst there are many different brands and models out there, these classics are still incredibly popular.

Think about what you want out of your new electric guitar; do you want something to learn on? Are you upgrading after having played for a few years? Are you adding to a collection of guitars? Are you playing mainly one style of music, or a few? Answering these before you part with your cash can really help find the best electric guitar for you.

Electric guitar body shape 

The body shape of your guitar plays quite a large part in how comfortable it will be to play. If you’re sat down, the contours of the body determine how it sits on you, likewise if you’re stood up - most of the weight is in the body, so you need to take that into consideration.  

Electric guitar wood types 

As well as the shape and size of the guitar, weight is largely determined by the wood used. Though often contested, the general consensus is that denser woods tend to yield more sustain. Mahogany, used a lot by Gibson, usually lends a slightly mellower, warmer sound, with beautiful low and mid frequencies. 

Fender often use alder as it provides an even frequency response, without it being too light or too heavy, as well as ash, which is usually a little brighter sounding. Something like basswood is quite light and, because it’s easily sourced, is usually cheap so gets used on many budget guitars. Don’t let that put you off though - tone-wise, it’s fairly transparent and evenly balanced.

Three Charvel guitars with Floyd Roses on a purple/black background

(Image credit: Future)

Pickup types 

Pickups play the biggest role in shaping your electric guitar’s sound (alongside you of course!). Pickups are basically magnets housed in a bobbin, wound with wire, that convert the vibrations caused by your moving strings into an electrical signal which is then sent to your amp.

There are many different pickup types out there, but the most popular types are single coils and humbuckers. Single coil pickups are found in a lot of Fender guitars, like the Strat and the Tele and deliver a bright, clear sound, often with a slight scoop in the mids. Strat pickups often sound ‘glassy’ and ‘chimey’, and ‘twang’ is synonymous with the Tele. 

Humbuckers tend to sound bigger, beefier and warmer. They fill out slightly more space in a mix and usually give out more output than single coils, making them break up sooner. If you already play a guitar with single-coils, then maybe look for something with humbuckers, or vice versa, so you can cover more ground.

There are guitars out there that feature a mixture of single coils and humbucker pickups, like the HSS Strat, giving you the best of both worlds. There are also coil-tapped or coil-split humbuckers that, when engaged, effectively act as single coils.

Electric guitar hardware 

An electric guitar’s hardware can help improve tuning stability, tone and longevity. As you start to spend more, you’ll get things like better quality tuners (sometimes locking tuners), sturdier hardware that fits together better and improves sustain, as well as better and more reliable electronics that keep your signal clearer.

Neck profile 

Neck profiles can vary too, and should be considered when looking for the best electric guitar for you. It’s all very much down to personal preference, but neck profiles can range from super thin, like on the Ibanez RG550, to thicker, more vintage-style profiles like on the ES-335. Generally speaking, faster, shreddier players prefer thin necks, and old-school blues and rock players go for either a thick neck or something in the middle. 

There is definitely space for a bit of 'gut feeling' when you're shopping. We've all had situations where we've played a guitar we'd never normally have looked twice at and had it pleasantly surprise us. Keeping an open mind is no bad thing. Sometimes when you pick up a guitar you just know. There's no rationale.

But, instinct aside, you can at least put yourself in the right ballpark by using guides like this one to hone in on what works for you. With so many variables, it can be hard to know where to start. Maybe you'll find your dream guitar with a quick scroll, or maybe it will take some further research, but we hope to help you start that journey right here.

Vintage Fender stratocaster headstock on top of a hardcase

(Image credit: Future)

How to look after your electric guitar 

As with any guitar, regular maintenance will help you get the most out of it and mean you won’t be replacing parts - or your entire guitar - prematurely. Restringing every 2-3 months can keep it sounding fresh and lively, plus that gives you a chance to give it a proper clean, to stop dirt building up. Wiping down the strings after use will help too, and given that necks can break easily if dropped or knocked over, investing in a quality guitar stand is a wise purchase. 

Chris Corfield

Chris Corfield is a journalist with over 12 years of experience writing for some of the music world's biggest brands including Orange Amplification, MusicRadar, Guitar World Total Guitar and Dawsons Music. Chris loves getting nerdy about everything from guitar gear and synths, to microphones and music production hardware.