How to play guitar chords for beginners

Young man at home playing guitar and wearing headphones connected to laptop
(Image credit: Westend61/Getty)

Beginner guitar: A chord is three or more notes (some scholars say two or more) played at the same time. That’s the technical description, but when it comes to learning guitar chords for beginners, all you need to know are that chords are our bread and butter, the core of all rhythm playing, and, in fact, the thing you’ll spend most of your time doing.

The most important thing to know when it comes to how to play guitar chords is that you’ll have to fret several notes at once – then these shapes can be used to play literally thousands of songs, including a host of easy guitar songs for beginners.

Here, we’ll take you through how to play all the essential guitar chords for beginners, including 'open chords' (so-called because they use the guitar's open strings) in both major and minor shapes.

D chord

D Major chord fingering

(Image credit: Future)

This is how your fingers should be arranged for the D chord. Your first job is to try to make sure every fretted string rings clearly. Be careful not to push or pull the strings to one side as you fret the notes, or they’ll sound out of tune.

Strum downwards to play the three fretted notes and the open fourth string. Remember, ‘X’ means the string should be silent.

(Image credit: Future)

Fret boxes are diagrams of the guitar neck with dots telling you where to put your fingers for a given chord. The numbers tell you which finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). Strings marked with an ‘X’ at the top should stay silent. Listen to the audio track to hear how this D chord should sound.

E chord

(Image credit: Future)

Here’s a new chord, this time E. The dots tell you to use your first, second and third fingers. Hopefully you can work out which strings and frets to place your fingers on. There are no ‘X’s, so strum all six strings.  

E major chord fingering

(Image credit: Future)

Keep your thumb opposite your fingers. This position gives you maximum squeezing power and ensures your fingers reach the spot without muting out the open strings. If your thumb goes out of position, you’ll have to squeeze harder and harder to keep the strings pressed down.

C chord

(Image credit: Future)

This three-finger C chord is a bit of a stretch, so don’t worry if it takes a while to master it. 

Troubleshoot: Getting your fingers closer to the frets is better than squeezing harder.

A chord

(Image credit: Future)

Some guitarists prefer to use their second, third and fourth fingers for this A chord. Either method is fine. 

Troubleshoot: Squeeze three fingers into one fret space. You’ll have to break the ‘stay close to the fret’ rule to fit.

G chord

(Image credit: Future)

If you’ve tried this shape and wondered if we’ve made a mistake, don’t worry. G is the toughest chord of all for beginners.  

Troubleshoot: Fret the first string and strum only the four thinnest strings for ease.

A minor chord

(Image credit: Future)

‘Minor’ refers to the dark, moody sound, and A minor (Am for short) has only one different note to a standard A chord. See if you can spot it.  

Troubleshoot: The main problem here is angling your fingers too much and muting the first string. Stay on your fingertips.

D minor chord

D minor

(Image credit: Future)

Just like A minor, the mournful sounding D minor has only one different note to D. Chords named with just a letter (C, A, D etc) are known as major chords. 

Troubleshoot: Aim to spread all three fingers out so they’re as close to the frets as they can be.

E minor chord

E minor

(Image credit: Future)

This is one of the easiest guitar chords. Try playing it with any pair of fingers, e.g., first and second, second and third, or third and fourth. 

Troubleshoot: Once again, make sure you fret right on your fingertips or you risk accidentally muting out the open strings.

Thank you for reading 5 articles this month**

Join now for unlimited access

US pricing $3.99 per month or $39.00 per year

UK pricing £2.99 per month or £29.00 per year 

Europe pricing €3.49 per month or €34.00 per year

*Read 5 free articles per month without a subscription

Join now for unlimited access

Prices from £2.99/$3.99/€3.49

Total Guitar editors

Total Guitar is one of Europe's biggest guitar magazines. With lessons to suit players of all levels, TG's world-class tuition is friendly, accessible and jargon-free, whether you want to brush up on your technique or improve your music theory knowledge. We also talk to the biggest names in the world of guitar – from interviews with all-time greats like Brian May and Eddie Van Halen to our behind the scenes Rig Tour features, we get you up close with the guitarists that matter to you.